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AH2 Prepare to, and administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects

Overview

For this unit you need to prepare for, administer and monitor the effects of medication on individuals. You will also have to be able to record on and store medications correctly. The unit applies to all medication used for and by individuals, both prescribed and non-prescribed. This unit is intended to be used in a variety of care settings including hospitals, nursing and residential homes, hospices, and community settings including the individuals' own home and GP surgeries. It does not cover the use and administration of intra-venous medication.

There are two elements:

AH2.1 Prepare to administer medication to individuals

AH2.2 Administer, report on and monitor individual's medication.

Users of this competence will need to ensure that practice reflects up to date information and policies.

This is an optional unit in the Health and Social Care NVQ/SVQ at Level 3.

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to apply:

Legislation and organisational policy and procedures

K1. a factual knowledge of the current European and national legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols which affect your work practice in relation to the administration of medication, including:

K2. a working knowledge of your responsibilities and accountability in relation to the current European and national legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols

Theories and practice

K3. a factual knowledge of the importance of working within your own sphere of competence and seeking advice when faced with situations outside your sphere of competence

K4. a working knowledge of the importance of applying standard precautions to the administration of medication and the potential consequences of poor practice, including safe methods of handling and disposing of hazardous equipment and materials, such as sharps and medication

K5. a working knowledge of the hazards and complications which may arise during the administration of medications and how you can minimise such risks

Care and support

K6. a working knowledge of the importance of offering effective verbal and non-verbal support and reassurance to individuals, and appropriate ways of doing so, according to their needs

K7. a working knowledge of the importance of communicating effectively and how communication differences may be overcome

K8. a working knowledge of the factors which may compromise the comfort and dignity of individuals during drug administration - and how the effects can be minimised

Pharmacology

K9. a working knowledge of the common types of medication and rules for their storage

K10. a working knowledge of the effects of common medication relevant to the individuals condition

K11. a working knowledge of medications which demand for the measurement of specific physiological measurements and why these are vital to monitor the effects of the medication

K12. a working knowledge of the common adverse reactions to medication, how each can be recognised and the appropriate action(s) required

K13. a working knowledge of the common side effects of the medication being used

K14. a working knowledge of the different routes of medicine administration

K15. a working knowledge of the information which needs to be on the label of medication, both prescribed and non-prescribed, and the significance of the information

Materials and equipment

K16. a working knowledge of the various aids to help individuals take their medication

K17. a working knowledge of the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration of medication via the different routes

K18. a working knowledge of the factors which affect the choice of materials and equipment for the administration of medication to individuals

Procedures and techniques

K19. a working knowledge of how to read prescriptions/medication administration charts to identify:

K20. a working knowledge of how to prepare the medication for administration using a non-touch technique

K21. a working knowledge of how you would check that the individual had taken their medication

K22. a working knowledge of how you dispose of different medications

Reporting, recording and documentation

K23. a working knowledge of the importance of correctly recording your activities as required

K24. a working knowledge of the importance of keeping accurate and up to date records

K25. a working knowledge of the importance of immediately reporting any issues which are outside your own sphere of competence without delay to the relevant member of staff.

Performance Criteria

You must ensure that:

1. you apply standard precautions for infection control, any other relevant health and safety measures when preparing to administer medication to individuals

2. you check that all medication administration records or protocols are available, up to date and legible

3. you report any discrepancies or omissions you might find to the person in control of the administration and to relevant staff as appropriate

4. you read the medication administration record or medication information leaflet accurately, referring any illegible directions to the appropriate member of staff before administering any medication

5. you check and confirm the identity of the individual who is to receive the medication with the individual themselves, and your assistant (if applicable), using a variety of methods, before administering medication

6. you check that the individual has not taken any medication recently and be aware of the appropriate timing of medication

7. you obtain the individuals consent and offer information, support and reassurance throughout, in a manner which encourages their co-operation and which is appropriate to their needs and concerns

8. you select, check and prepare correctly the medication according to the medication administration record or medication information leaflet.

You must ensure that:

1. you select the route for the administration of medication, according to the patient's plan of care and the drug to be administered, and prepare the site if necessary

2. you safely administer the medication

following the written instructions and in line with legislation and local policies

in a way which minimises pain, discomfort and trauma to the individual

3. you report any immediate problems with the administration

4. you monitor the individual's condition throughout, recognise any adverse effects and take the appropriate action without delay

5. you clearly and accurately enter relevant information in the correct records

6. you check and confirm that the individual actually takes the medication and does not pass medication to others

7. you maintain the security of medication throughout the process and return it to the correct place for storage

8. you monitor and rotate stocks of medication, maintain appropriate storage conditions and report any discrepancies in stocks immediately to the relevant staff

9. you dispose of out of date and part-used medications in accordance with legal and organisational requirements

10. you return medication administration records to the agreed place for storage and maintain the confidentiality of information relating to the individual at all times.

Additional Information

This unit appears in the Health and Social Care Standards as HSC375 Prepare to, and administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects.
AH2 Prepare to, and administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects
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